The importance of Responsive Design: It supports multi-device users, you'll have one site to rule them all, you'll have improved search engine rankings and future scalability.
Responsive design is the standard for web designing these days. If your website can't size to fit all devices, you lose potential customers. Therefore, it's incredibly important for users to be able to see your site properly on every device. Responsive design will allow the elements on your site to automatically adjust to screen sizes.
Consider building a mobile site first, then you can scale up and build the tablet version, and then in turn you can move to desktop. One of the major concerns. The major concern is usually the logo and text. If the text is easy to read on mobile devices, then you won't have any issues on the desktop or tablet.
Some companies build the layout for the interface first, and then do the coding. This will ensure they have the layout the way the client wants before they start coding. When you're building a layout for a mobile site, a very important thing to take into consideration is making the buttons large enough for a fingertip. Also, ensure that you keep the design simple, but functional. Designers tend to add too much to a mobile interface, which causes issues with design and usability.
Responsive Design is pure HTML and CSS. You will create rules in CSS that change styles based on the screen size of the device your site is being displayed on. An example of this would be writing a rule that says if a user’s screen-size is less than 320 pixels, don’t display the sidebar or if the screen size is greater than 1920px, increase the font size. Simple things like this allow for your website to adapt and respond to various sizes.
While building responsive designs, you'll need to create optimized images for each layout. This reduces the scaling and bandwidth issues that may be caused. Never use PNG formats because it can amplify your file sizes drastically.
Always use exact measurements with images, and set the image dimensions to match. This will eliminate scaling and will preserve the resolution and quality of your images. If your images scale this will most likely result in color depth and resolution problems.
Try to limit the use of text on mobile devices. Only place the text that's necessary. You don't need to replicate your desktop site for mobile. Just make sure that the important information is there so users have access to it.
Button sizes are another extremely important aspect to remember about responsive design. On mobile devices, every pixel of space is important. Avoid using small sized buttons. Make sure your buttons are at least 44 x 44 pixels for comfortable tapping. Another helpful tip is to use padding instead of margins. Padding will increase the tappable area, but margins don’t. Margins will only increase the white space around the button.
One of the hardest parts of responsive design is implementing a fluid grid. A fluid grid works with media queries to display content on different viewports. Instead of designing breakpoints for every possible viewports, you can set a maximum layout size. From there, you can define width and heights by proportion, not pixels. This will allow the site to rearrange the layout based on percentages, not pixels.
People will interact with your website differently on a phone than they do on a desktop. Use analytics to figure out why a user is visiting your website on their phone. If they just want to get quick information via the search bar, you may want to make your search bar easily visible and always present.
With responsive design, performance is everything. Factors such as precise coding, optimizing images, and testing template components will all contribute to sites that load fast and perform well. It's very important these days that your site is responsive. It's the standard, and you'll get many more customers, not to mention higher google SEO rankings if your website is responsive.