A web development stack is a collection of software and programming languages that software developers such as yourself use to create software. Prior to writing the code, it's crucial to select the best web development stack to effectively power your program.

You may find choosing the right web development stack to be overwhelming if you don't know what you're looking at. Hence, we've compiled a list of pros and cons of popular web development stacks to aid you in making your decision. This article will cover four of the most commonly used development stacks: LAMP, MEAN, Ruby on Rails, and Django.

LAMP stack

LAMP is a free, open-source web development stacks.

The name 'LAMP' is an acronym formed from Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP operating systems respectively. It is one of the most popular stacks considered by many top programmers to be the best choice when developing and deploying high performance web applications.


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It's also one of the stacks that have been around for a long time, so it has a reputation of being stable, customizable, ease of use, as well as having a large community of users. A LAMP stack provides support for programming languages such as Python, PHP, and Perl. It's also highly compatible with popular CMS such as Wordpress, Drupal, and Joomla.

Some programmers may prefer other web development stacks over LAMP because it doesn't run many Windows programs and there is a learning curve when first learning how to use it. Additionally, LAMP stacks do restrict you to Linux operating systems whereas other stacks don't have this restriction.


Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LAMP_(software_bundle)

MEAN stack

The LAMP stack is often compared to the MEAN stack.

MEAN stands for MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS/Angular, and Node.js.

The MEAN stack was first introduced in 2013 by MongoDB developer, Valeri Korpav. MEAN is powered by Node.js which is the most current technology used by software developers to create sizeable applications built using Javascript.


Source: https://www.bluepiit.com/blog/5-advantages-of-shifting-from-lamp-to-mean-stack/

Just like LAMP, MEAN is also a free and open-source web development stack. One advantage of using a MEAN stack is that it scales more effectively and efficiently than many of its competitors (e.g. LAMP, Rails, Djano). Express.js is flexible to work with and provides programmers with many options when it comes to tool and library use. You only need to be familiar with one programming language – Javascript – to use a MEAN stack.

A common disadvantage found by programmers when using MEAN is that it's not very newbie-friendly. If you aren't familiar with Javascript, this definitely isn't the stack for you. Many MEAN alternatives can be used by Javascript beginners which is one of the reasons why programmers may choose a different stack instead of MEAN. The database, Mongo is also not as reliable as alternatives and requires a confident DBA.


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While you can do a lot exclusively using Javascript, it can be limiting and you may experience many missed opportunities using solely one programming language.

Ruby on Rails stack

Ruby on Rails (otherwise commonly known as "Rails" or "RoR") is a web development stack posessing two noteworthy advantages.

The biggest advantage of using Rails is its "convention over configuration". This means many choices are already made for you, for example, the default names of things and order they are presented amongst other things. If you're an experienced programmer, you'll find it extremely productive to use Rails.


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The second greatest advantage of using Rails is that it includes everything you need to get your software up and running. The stack doesn't attempt to be minimalistic at all.

One common disadvantage that programmers find when using Rails is that they will fall into a "comfort-zone". Because everything is fairly straightforward, you will find it difficult if you need to do something outside of your comfort-zone. If you need to use applications that don't work with JSON or XML API defined, you will feel like you're moving against the grain. This can result in lost productivity and leave you feeling demotivated.


Source: https://www.jetbrains.com/ruby/features/rails_editor.html

Django stack

One major advantage of using the web development stack Django is that you can turn your ideas into a software launch in a matter of hours. Just like MEAN and Lamp, Django is also free to use and open-source.


Django is designed for programmers to complete their work as efficiently as possible. Django works hand in hand with Python – one of the most widely used programming languages today. Another advantage is that Django is very well-organized and guides the user through a clear path to their destination. Additionally, it's customizable so you can easily swap things like your DB, template, and ORM amongst other things.


Source: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/279198179_fig2_Figure-2-Main-components-of-the-full-stack-with-Django-framework-being-at-the-core

The Django framework is developed to sustain backwards compatibility which means a major disadvantage is that it can get larger and heavier over time. Additionally, you may feel that you're using far too much software even when designing simple things and that you aren't fully utilizing the entire framework.

End note

Now that you've got a basic idea of the pros and cons in using different types of web development stacks, you may find it easier to make your decision on which one you want to use. We'd like to remind you not to choose based on the following factors:

  • Other peoples' experiences
  • Your personal bias
  • Your previous projects
  • Unreliable online research



Keep in mind that your project should be unique and your ultimate goal is to succeed over your competitors.